Learning starts with observations. Whether we see, hear, feel, touch, or smell, it requires information as substance for making connections, predictions, and conversation.
We learn best when we connect new information to old. This process requires questioning the value of our perceptions and synthesizing them into our point of view, which is also up for reworking.
Interpreting other points of view is also essential because being social is a critical aspect of how we learn. Our needy infant selves are only successful if we master working with others. It is this ability to cooperate that will ultimately determine our fate.